Development of independence from colonialism


The Empire of Japan modeled itself on European colonial empires. Some of the earliest attempts to achieve independence, or at least self-determination, occurred in the context of World War I.

No person wants to live in a society where the rule of law gives way to the rule of brutality and bribery. Access to modern education was restricted in numbers and to certain social groups.

It also saw the establishment of a Danish colonial empire and some Swedish overseas colonies. That Palestine continues to be occupied and the state of Israel continues to contest its borders belies the initial intent of creating a Jewish homeland there.

Any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

Characteristically, the Western powers invading China played a double role: A good example of this process is the West African cocoa industry in the s: He became the first president of independent Ghana in and ruled untilwhen his regime was overthrown by a military coup.

Neocolonialism - Bibliography

Advances in communication and transportation, notably railroads, also became important tools for consolidating foreign rule over extensive territories. This variety required an insistence on freedom of religion since the earliest days of British settlement.

All peoples have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, such groups began to organize nationalist demonstrations; some directly challenged the imperial rule of the British, the French, and even the Ottoman Turks.


In the radical African states. Throughout the region, the relationship between colony and metropole the colonizing power deeply affected the intellectual, ideological, and material development of both.

Syria is a heterogeneous society with Muslims, Christians, Druze, Alawites, and a small minority of Jews. If Africans aligned with each other, rather than with the various Western countries that wished to exploit them, the future could be safeguarded.

Oil production had a tremendous impact on Middle Eastern economies, of course, but by the s it also was affecting the entire global economy. Decline of the Spanish and Portuguese empires During the early 19th century, however, there was a conspicuous exception to the trend of colonial growth, and that was the decline of the Portuguese and Spanish empires in the Western Hemisphere.

Nasser quickly introduced social and land reforms, ultimately developing a reform program that came to be called Arab Socialism.

The Challenge of Decolonization in Africa

A second major step toward the goal of eradicating native cultures and imposing European norms and values outside of Europe came as efforts to evangelize and spread Christianity became increasingly intertwined with colonialism itself.

In fact, some of the crucial technical knowledge used in Europe at that time came originally from Asia. These shared assumptions include a conviction in the inability of African governments and ordinary people to independently run their own societies. Bowing to international pressures, Britain withdrew in By —that is, before the next major wave of European acquisitions began—an additional 6, square miles 16, square kilometres were claimed; during this period, control was consolidated over the new claims and over all the territory claimed in Others continue to argue that neocolonialism persists, if in slightly different form.

Class Struggle and Resistance in Africa Chicago: New colonial powers This intensification of the drive for colonies reflected much more than a new wave of overseas activities by traditional colonial powers, including Russia.

Meredith Press, As such, the neo-liberal pathologizing of the corrupt black African state simply does not hold. In addition, the artificial borders created during the colonial period disrupted societies and broke apart ethnic and religious groups, further contributing to the demise of many cultures.

This was especially important to the European colonizers in those areas, such as the Aztec Empire in Mexico, in which there was an existent, strong, and stable political system that could provide leadership for anti-colonial insurgencies.Post-independence economic needs, particularly in the aftermath of the end of preferential agricultural trade ties with Europe, led to a boom in the development of the tourism industry in.

European expansion since The global expansion of western Europe between the s and the s differed in several important ways from the expansionism and colonialism of previous centuries. Colonialism and Independence: Nigeria as a Case Study During the colonial period in Nigeria (from about to ), the British, like any other colonial power, asserted their dominance through a.

After the independence of Ghana: No one doubted about the bright economic future of Ghana as it is the first cocoa exporter worldwide and was producing big quantity of gold (about one tenth of.

Post-colonialism (or post-colonial theory) can refer to a set of theories in philosophy and literature that grapple with the legacy of colonial rule. In this sense, postcolonial literature may be considered a branch of postmodern literature concerned with the political and cultural independence of peoples formerly subjugated in colonial empires.

Through the process of decolonization that began, in most African territories, at the close of World War II, African leaders gained greater political power under European rule. In the decades that followed independence, they worked to shape the cultural, political, and .

Development of independence from colonialism
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